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Introduction to Abnormalities and Complications of Labor and Delivery

By

Julie S. Moldenhauer

, MD, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Last full review/revision Jul 2021| Content last modified Jul 2021
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Abnormalities and complications of labor and delivery should be diagnosed and managed as early as possible.

Most of the following complications are evident before onset of labor:

Some of the following complications develop or become evident during labor or delivery:

Some complications may require alternatives to spontaneous labor and vaginal delivery. Alternatives include

The neonatal care team should be informed when alternative delivery methods are to be used so they can be ready to treat any neonatal complications.

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Management of Normal Delivery
Options for pain management during normal delivery include regional, local, and general anesthesia. Of these types of anesthesia, which of the following is a safe and simple method for uncomplicated spontaneous vaginal deliveries in women who wish to bear down and push?
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