Risk factors for pregnancy-related sexual dysfunction include the following:
Obstetric trauma; Cesarean or instrumented delivery, episiotomy, or perineal tears increase risk of genitopelvic pain and related difficulty with sexual interest and arousal.
Breastfeeding: Vaginal dryness can contribute to genitopelvic pain/penetration disorder.
Psychologic and social stressors: Changes in family roles and relationships, sleep disruption, neonatal health issues, and/or weight gain can increase stress.
Postpartum depression: Depression increases the risk of sexual dysfunction.
Intimate partner violence: Pregnancy increases the risk of intimate partner violence, which increases risk of sexual dysfunction.
Sexual dysfunction, regardless of type, that predates pregnancy tends to predict sexual dysfunction after pregnancy.
Diagnosis Diagnosis Men and women initiate or agree to sexual activity for many reasons, including sharing sexual excitement and physical pleasure and experiencing affection, love, romance, or intimacy. However... read more and treatment of pregnancy-related sexual dysfunction are similar to other types of female sexual dysfunction.