Intertrigo develops when friction and trapped moisture in intertriginous areas cause skin maceration and inflammation with formation of patches or plaques. Infection by bacteria and yeast is also common. Typical locations are the inframammary, infrapannicular, interdigital, axillary, infragluteal, and genitocrural folds.
Diagnosis of Intertrigo
Diagnosis of intertrigo is based on clinical appearance; potassium hydroxide wet mounts and cultures can guide treatment.
Differential diagnosis of intertrigo includes
Occasionally allergic contact dermatitis Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) Contact dermatitis is inflammation of the skin caused by direct contact with irritants (irritant contact dermatitis) or allergens (allergic contact dermatitis). Symptoms include pruritus and... read more (resulting from use of wipes after toileting or axillary application of antiperspirants/deodorants)
Treatment of Intertrigo
Sometimes topical antibacterial lotions or antifungal creams
If no bacteria or yeast are detected, drying agents should be therapeutic. Effective options include over-the-counter antiperspirants containing 20% aluminum chloride and Burow solution compresses.
If bacteria or yeast are present, topical antibacterial lotions or antifungal creams are given in addition to drying agents (see Table: Options for Treatment of Superficial Fungal Infections* Options for Treatment of Superficial Fungal Infections* Candidiasis is skin and mucous membrane infection with Candida species, most commonly Candida albicans. Infections can occur anywhere and are most common in skinfolds, digital web spaces, genitals... read more ).