Merck Manual

Please confirm that you are a health care professional

Loading

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

(Osgood-Schlatter's Disease)

By

Frank Pessler

, MD, PhD, Braunschweig, Germany

Last full review/revision Mar 2019| Content last modified Mar 2019
Click here for Patient Education
NOTE: This is the Professional Version. CONSUMERS: Click here for the Consumer Version

Osgood-Schlatter disease is osteochondrosis of the tibial tubercle, causing painful inflammation.

Osgood-Schlatter disease occurs between ages 10 years and 15 years and is usually unilateral. Although the disease is more common among boys, this status is changing as girls become more active in sports programs.

Etiology of Osgood-Schlatter disease is thought to be trauma due to excessive traction by the patellar tendon on its immature epiphyseal insertion, leading to microavulsion fractures.

Characteristic symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter disease are pain, swelling, and tenderness over the tibial tubercle at the patellar tendon insertion. There is no systemic disturbance.

Diagnosis

  • Clinical evaluation

  • Sometimes x-rays

Diagnosis of Osgood-Schlatter disease is by characteristic findings isolated over the tibial tubercle on examination.

Lateral knee x-rays may show fragmentation of the tibial tubercle. However, x-rays are not needed unless other disorders (eg, injury, joint inflammation) are suggested by pain and swelling extending beyond the area over the tibial tubercle or pain is accompanied by redness and warmth.

Treatment

  • Analgesics

  • Rest

  • Rarely immobilization, corticosteroid injection, and surgery

Resolution is usually spontaneous within weeks or months. Usually, taking analgesics and avoiding excessive exercise, especially deep knee bending, are the only necessary measures. Complete avoidance of sports is unnecessary.

Rarely, immobilization in plaster, intralesional injection of hydrocortisone, surgical removal of loose bodies (eg, ossicles, avulsed fragments of bone), drilling, and grafting are required.

Drugs Mentioned In This Article

Drug Name Select Trade
CORTEF, SOLU-CORTEF
Click here for Patient Education
NOTE: This is the Professional Version. CONSUMERS: Click here for the Consumer Version
Professionals also read

Also of Interest

Videos

View All
Overview of Biliary Atresia
Video
Overview of Biliary Atresia
3D Models
View All
Cystic Fibrosis: Defective Chloride Transport
3D Model
Cystic Fibrosis: Defective Chloride Transport

SOCIAL MEDIA

TOP