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Approach to the Patient With a Sleep or Wakefulness Disorder

by Karl Doghramji, MD

The most commonly reported sleep-related symptoms are insomnia and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS).

  • Insomnia is difficulty falling or staying asleep, early awakening, or a sensation of unrefreshing sleep.

  • EDS is the tendency to fall asleep during normal waking hours.

EDS is not a disorder but a symptom of various sleep-related disorders. Insomnia can be a disorder, even if it exists in the context of other disorders, or can be a symptom of other disorders. Parasomnias are abnormal sleep-related events (eg, night terrors, sleepwalking—see Parasomnias).

Resources In This Article

Drugs Mentioned In This Article

  • Drug Name
    Select Trade
  • LEVOPHED
  • INDERAL
  • DILANTIN
  • COMMIT, NICORETTE, NICOTROL
  • SONATA
  • No US brand name
  • HALCION
  • LUNESTA
  • DORAL
  • AMBIEN
  • ROZEREM
  • ZONALON
  • RESTORIL
  • UNISOM
  • OLEPTRO
  • No US trade name
  • PAXIL

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