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Bartter Syndrome and Gitelman Syndrome
(Bartter's Syndrome; Gitelman's Syndrome)
Bartter syndrome and Gitelman syndrome are characterized by fluid, electrolyte, urinary, and hormonal abnormalities, including renal K, Na, Cl, and H wasting; hypokalemia; hyperreninemia and hyperaldosteronism without hypertension; and metabolic alkalosis. Findings include electrolyte, growth, and sometimes neuromuscular abnormalities. Diagnosis is assisted by urine electrolyte measurements and hormone assays but is typically a diagnosis of exclusion. Treatment consists of NSAIDs, K-sparing diuretics, low-dose ACE inhibitors, and electrolyte replacement.
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* This is a professional Version *