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Chloramphenicol

By

Brian J. Werth

, PharmD, University of Washington School of Pharmacy

Last full review/revision Jul 2020| Content last modified Jul 2020
CLICK HERE FOR THE PROFESSONAL VERSION

The antibiotic Overview of Antibiotics Antibiotics are drugs used to treat bacterial infections. They are ineffective against viral infections and most other infections. Antibiotics either kill microorganisms or stop them from reproducing... read more chloramphenicol is used mainly to treat serious infections due to the few bacteria that are resistant to other antibiotics but are still susceptible to chloramphenicol. Its use is limited because it interferes with the production of blood cells in bone marrow, greatly reducing the number of blood cells (blood cell counts), which, in some people, can be irreversible and fatal, and so this drug is used only if no safer drugs are available.

Chloramphenicol works by interfering with the bacteria's production of the proteins needed to grow and multiply.

Use of Chloramphenicol During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Drugs Mentioned In This Article

Generic Name Select Brand Names
AZACTAM
MONUROL
FLAGYL
FURADANTIN, MACROBID, MACRODANTIN
BACTROBAN
CLEOCIN
No US brand name
CUBICIN
CILOXAN, CIPRO
BAXDELA
FACTIVE
LEVAQUIN
AVELOX
ZITHROMAX
No US brand name
BIAXIN
ERY-TAB, ERYTHROCIN
OCUFLOX
DIFICID
DALVANCE
ORBACTIV
VIBATIV
No US brand name
VANCOCIN
GENOPTIC
No US brand name
No US brand name
ZEMDRI
No US brand name
TOBI, TOBREX
TINDAMAX
ZYMAR
DORIBAX
INVANZ
MERREM
FORTAZ, TAZICEF
No US brand name
ANCEF, KEFZOL
ZYVOX
KEFLEX
SIVEXTRO
BACIIM
No US brand name
NOTE: This is the Consumer Version. DOCTORS: CLICK HERE FOR THE PROFESSONAL VERSION
CLICK HERE FOR THE PROFESSONAL VERSION
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