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Other Types of Respiratory Failure


Bhakti K. Patel

, MD, University of Chicago

Last full review/revision Mar 2020| Content last modified Mar 2020
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Effective means of preventing or treating atelectasis include

  • Incentive spirometry

  • Ensuring adequate analgesia for chest and abdominal incisions

  • Upright positioning

  • Early mobilization

Atelectasis caused by abdominal distention should be alleviated according to the cause (eg, nasogastric suction for excessive intraluminal air, paracentesis to evacuate tense ascites).

Hypoperfusion, regardless of cause, may result in respiratory failure through inadequate delivery of oxygen to respiratory muscles coupled with excess respiratory muscle load (eg, acidosis, sepsis). Mechanical ventilation is useful for diverting blood flow from overworked respiratory muscles to critical organs such as the brain, kidney, and gut.

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How to Do the Heimlich Maneuver in the Conscious Adult or Child
The Heimlich maneuver should be used only when the airway obstruction is severe and life is endangered. Is it important NOT to interfere if the choking person can speak, cough forcefully, or breathe adequately. In addition, this maneuver is an absolute contraindication in which of the following individuals?
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