Some marine bites and stings are toxic, such as those inflicted by
All create wounds are at risk of infection with marine organisms, most notably Vibrio species, Aeromonas species, and Mycobacterium marinum.
Shark bites result in jagged lacerations with near-total or total amputations and should be treated in the same way as other major trauma (see Evaluation and Treatment Evaluation and Treatment Injury is the number one cause of death for people aged 1 to 44. In the US, there were 243,039 trauma deaths in 2017, about 70% being accidental. Of intentional injury deaths, more than 70%... read more ).
(See also Fish and Shellfish Poisoning Fish Poisoning and Shellfish Poisoning Fish poisoning and shellfish poisoning commonly cause gastrointestinal, neurologic, or histamine-mediated manifestations. (See also General Principles of Poisoning.) Ciguatera poisoning may... read more .)