Merck Manual

Please confirm that you are not located inside the Russian Federation

honeypot link

Hand Abscess


David R. Steinberg

, MD, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Last full review/revision May 2020| Content last modified May 2020
Click here for the Professional Version
Topic Resources

A hand abscess is an accumulation of pus affecting the hand, usually caused by a bacterial infection.

Abscesses in the hands are fairly common and usually result from injury.

A shallow (superficial) abscess may develop just under the skin anywhere in the hand and nearly always results from a minor injury, such as a splinter or needle prick. Severe pain, warmth, and redness develop over the abscess, often with swelling of lymph nodes in the armpit.

A deeper abscess may occur in any part of the palm and spread between the metacarpal bones (the hand bones between the wrist and fingers). Such an infection may occur after the skin is ripped or the hand is punctured by something sharp. Palm abscesses may develop from an infected callus. Palm abscesses begin as intense throbbing pain with swelling and severe tenderness when touched. The swelling and pain may be greater at the top of the hand than on the palm.

Doctors base the diagnosis of a hand abscess on an examination. They do x-rays X-rays A doctor can often diagnose a musculoskeletal disorder based on the history and the results of a physical examination. Laboratory tests, imaging tests, or other diagnostic procedures are sometimes... read more X-rays to detect any foreign bodies (such as a tooth fragment, needle, or other object) that may be hidden under the skin.

Treatment of Hand Abscess

  • Drainage of pus

  • Antibiotics and a splint

Treatment of a hand abscess involves surgically draining the pus through an incision. Antibiotics also are given, and people wear a splint until the infection goes away.

People may need to undergo physical therapy afterwards to overcome stiffness and swelling and improve function.

NOTE: This is the Consumer Version. DOCTORS: Click here for the Professional Version
Click here for the Professional Version
Others also read
Test your knowledge
Reactive Arthritis
Reactive arthritis causes inflammation of the joints and the tendon attachments at the joints. It is called “reactive” because it frequently occurs in reaction to an infection. In which of the following organs is such an infection most likely to occur? 
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID

Also of Interest

Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID
Download the Manuals App iOS ANDROID