The main treatments include:
For most mental health disorders, a combination of medicine and talk therapy is more effective than either one by itself.
Other treatments include:
In psychotherapy, sometimes called talk therapy, doctors and counselors talk with you about your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. They try not to tell you what to think or do. Instead, they try to help you understand yourself and figure out better ways to deal with stresses and life problems. Individual therapy involves one person working with one therapist. Therapists may also offer group therapy, family therapy, or couples therapy.
Therapists usually use different techniques depending on the problem. Some therapy types include:
In electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), doctors give your brain an electrical shock while you're under anesthesia.
You might have a negative impression of ECT from TV and movies, but it's actually a safe and effective treatment.
Many types of health care providers treat mental illness, and you may be cared for by a team of providers, including: