Merck Manual

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Traumatic Iritis and Chemical Iritis

(Iridocyclitis; Traumatic Uveitis)

By

Ann P. Murchison

, MD, MPH, Wills Eye Hospital

Last full review/revision May 2022| Content last modified May 2022
CLICK HERE FOR THE PROFESSIONAL VERSION

Iritis is inflammation of the pigmented inside lining of the eye (uvea), iris, or both.

Symptoms may include tearing, redness of the eye, and a painful ache in the eye. Usually people have some blurred vision or pain when exposed to bright light (photophobia).

Treatment

  • Drugs to relieve pain and decrease inflammation

Drugs that dilate the pupil are instilled into the eye. The drug relaxes the muscles of the colored part of the eye (iris), which spasm painfully. These drugs are called cycloplegics and include homatropine and scopolamine.

Corticosteroid eye drops (such as prednisolone) are often used to shorten symptom duration. Cycloplegics and corticosteroids are usually adequate to relieve pain, but if necessary, the person can also take acetaminophen.

Drugs Mentioned In This Article

Generic Name Select Brand Names
TUSSIGON
TRANSDERM SCOP
ORAPRED ODT, PRELONE
TYLENOL
NOTE: This is the Consumer Version. DOCTORS: CLICK HERE FOR THE PROFESSIONAL VERSION
CLICK HERE FOR THE PROFESSIONAL VERSION
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