The risk of death in people with COVID-19 COVID-19 COVID-19 is an acute respiratory illness that can be severe and is caused by the coronavirus named SARS-CoV-2. Symptoms of COVID-19 vary significantly. Two types of tests can be used to diagnose... read more increases if they also have acute kidney injury Acute Kidney Injury Acute kidney injury is a rapid (days to weeks) decline in the kidneys’ ability to filter metabolic waste products from the blood. Causes include conditions that decrease blood flow to the kidneys... read more . Factors that increase the risk of developing AKI among people with COVID-19 include the following:
Race (Black people are at higher risk)
The presence of certain other serious medical disorders, such as diabetes, high blood pressure (hypertension), and heart disease
Shock Shock Shock is a life-threatening condition in which blood flow to the organs is low, decreasing delivery of oxygen and thus causing organ damage and sometimes death. Blood pressure is usually low... read more that requires medications to maintain blood pressure
It is not clear exactly what causes acute kidney injury in people with COVID-19. Possibilities include the following:
Ischemia (inadequate blood supply to tissues) caused by the body's response to the virus
Inflammation caused by the body's response to the virus
Direct damage to the kidneys from the virus that causes COVID-19
Symptoms and blood and urine test results are similar to those of acute kidney injury caused by other disorders.
Doctors treat the acute kidney injury in COVID-19 by providing supportive care, including
Intravenous fluids and/or blood transfusions
If dialysis of the blood is required, anticoagulants (blood thinners) are given to prevent blood clots.