What is low blood pressure?
Each heartbeat pushes blood through your arteries. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to your body. Blood pressure is the pressure of blood in your arteries. Normal blood pressure keeps blood flowing through your body. High blood pressure High Blood Pressure read more strains your heart and can damage your arteries and other organs. Low blood pressure also can be dangerous.
Low blood pressure means your organs don't get enough blood
Low blood pressure makes you weak and dizzy and you might faint
Doctors will give you IV fluid and sometimes medicines to raise your blood pressure
If you've lost a lot of blood, you may need a blood transfusion
How is blood pressure measured?
Doctors use a blood pressure cuff to check your blood pressure. When blood pressure is checked, two numbers are recorded. For example, your blood pressure might be 120/80, called "120 over 80."
The higher number is the highest pressure in the arteries, which happens when your heart pushes the blood out
The lower number is the lowest pressure in the arteries, which happens when your heart is relaxed just before it begins to start to push blood out
What causes low blood pressure?
Low blood pressure can happen when:
You don't have enough fluid in your blood vessels
Your heart isn't pumping hard enough
Your blood vessels relax and get wider, which means there isn't enough fluid to keep them full
There are many problems that result in low blood pressure, including:
Loss of blood, such as from an injury or during surgery
Losing too much fluid (becoming dehydrated) from diarrhea, vomiting, or sweating a lot
Heart problems, such as a heart attack or an abnormal heart rhythm
Severe allergic reactions
What are the symptoms of low blood pressure?
Symptoms may include:
Dizziness, particularly when you stand up
Weakness and confusion
Cold, pale, sweaty skin
If your low blood pressure isn't treated, you may go into shock Shock Shock is a medical emergency caused by your organs not getting enough blood and oxygen. It has nothing to do with the "shock" we feel when something scares or upsets us. When your body can't... read more and even die.
How can doctors tell if I have low blood pressure?
Doctors measure your blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. If you're very sick and in an intensive care unit (ICU), you may get a thin plastic tube in one of your arteries that's hooked up to a machine. The machine will constantly measure your blood pressure.
How do doctors treat low blood pressure?
Doctors need to treat the cause of low blood pressure. For example, if you're bleeding, they may do surgery to stop it. If you have an infection, they'll give you antibiotics. But whatever the cause, they need to raise your blood pressure.
The main treatment to raise your blood pressure is:
IV fluids (fluids given into your vein through a thin plastic tube)
If you've lost a lot of blood, doctors may give you:
If your blood pressure is still low after you've had enough IV fluids and blood to fill up your blood vessels, doctors may give you medicines to raise your blood pressure. These medicines make your heart beat harder and make your blood vessels narrower. These medicines can be dangerous, so you'll be watched very closely while receiving them.