What is alopecia areata?
"Alopecia" means hair loss. "Areata" means occurring in patches.
Alopecia areata is the sudden loss of patches of hair without any of the obvious causes What causes alopecia areata? "Alopecia" means hair loss. "Areata" means occurring in patches. Alopecia areata is the sudden loss of patches of hair without any of the obvious causes. Your hair falls out in patches for no... read more .
Your hair falls out in patches for no clear reason
Alopecia areata is common and happens most often in children and young adults
The hair loss is usually from the scalp or beard
Your fingernails may become rough and pitted
What causes alopecia areata?
Doctors think alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder Autoimmune Diseases "Auto" is a medical term for "self." The immune system is your body's defense system. It helps protect you from illness and infection. The immune system usually attacks invading bacteria, viruses... read more . In an autoimmune disorder your immune system Overview of the Immune System The immune system is your body's defense system. It helps protect you from illness and infection. The immune system's job is to attack things that don’t belong in your body, including: Germs... read more mistakenly attacks part of your body. In alopecia areata, your immune system attacks your hair follicles so hair doesn't grow.
What are the symptoms of alopecia areata?
Alopecia areata causes:
Round patches of missing hair—patches can be small or you can lose all the hair on your scalp
You may notice short, broken hairs at the edges of the patches. You may have rough and pitted nails. There are no other symptoms, and you otherwise feel well.
How do doctors treat alopecia areata?
Alopecia areata sometimes gets better without treatment. The hair usually grows back in several months. If you have widespread hair loss, it’s less likely that your hair will regrow.
Doctors treat alopecia areata with:
Corticosteroids injected at the bald spots
Medicine (minoxidil) applied to the bald spots
Sometimes, chemicals applied to the bald spot to mildly irritate it (this can cause hair growth)
Drugs Mentioned In This Article
|Generic Name||Select Brand Names|