Overview of Congenital Genitourinary Anomalies
Congenital anatomic anomalies of the genitourinary (GU) tract are more common than those of any other organ system.
Genital anomalies may cause voiding or sexual dysfunction, impaired fertility, psychosocial difficulties, or a combination.
GU anomalies frequently require surgical reconstruction.
Many GU anomalies are diagnosed in utero via routine prenatal ultrasonography. Some congenital renal anomalies (eg, autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, medullary sponge kidney, hereditary nephritis) typically do not manifest until adulthood.