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Introduction to Miscellaneous Gynecologic Abnormalities

By

Charlie C. Kilpatrick

, MD, MEd, Baylor College of Medicine

Last full review/revision Mar 2021| Content last modified Mar 2021
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Topic Resources

Noncancerous (benign) gynecologic growths include cysts, polyps, and myomas. Noncancerous growths can develop on the vulva (the area containing the external genital organs) or in the vagina, uterus, or ovaries.

Internal Female Genital Organs

Internal Female Genital Organs

External Female Genital Organs

External Female Genital Organs

Cysts are closed sacs that are separate from the tissue around them. They often contain fluid or semisolid material. Cysts that commonly occur in the genital organs include the following:

Occasionally, cysts or tumors in an ovary can cause the ovary to twist—a disorder called adnexal torsion.

Rarely, certain gynecologic growths become cancerous.

Other gynecologic abnormalities include

  • Adenomyosis: Tissue from glands in the lining of the uterus form a growth in the wall of the uterus

  • Cervical stenosis: Narrowing of the passageway through the lower part of the uterus (cervix) to the larger upper part (body)

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